Posted on July 15, 2013
There can be many causes of injury to the teeth. The most common are falls due to various reasons. Fortunately, we are program to break the fall with our limbs to protect our face.
There are many outcomes of injury to the teeth due to the severity of the trauma.
I will give an overview of the steps to be taken after injury to the teeth/mouth.
1. Do not panic. Remove any dirt or debris from the injured area. If there is bleeding, localized the bleeding and put pressure on the area. Look out for open wound and severe pain; you may need to be treated at the hospital.
2. Usually it is the front teeth that are affected. Look out for any chipped/fractured areas of the teeth, loosening of the teeth, and change in position of the teeth. If you observed any of these signs please visit a dentist immediately for further assessment if the situation. If possible find and bring the fracture tooth to the dentist. It will be great if you have a recent close up smiling photo of yourself so that we have an idea of how your teeth looks like before the accident.
3. If the tooth is missing from the mouth. Look for the tooth immediately. If you can find the tooth wash the tooth gently with saline or water, DO NOT touch the root area of the tooth. Soak the tooth in saline or milk, water is not so ideal due to the difference in osmotic content. Go to the dentist immediately. The chance of the tooth surviving depends on the time spent out of the mouth, the condition of the tooth (any cracks are not good) and the location where the tooth is found (dirty places like the drain means that the tooth will have a lot of dirt and bacteria). The dentist will then decide whether the tooth is suitable to be placed back into the mouth.
4. X-rays will be necessary to assess the situation before any treatment is done.
5. If you really cannot find the tooth, the dentist will then clean up the wound and discuss the options available to replace the lost tooth with you.
6. Sometimes the symptoms may only show up months after the fall so it is important to go for regular checkup.
Please do not hesitate to consult your dentist if you have any doubts.